On November 27, House Democrats held their leadership elections. They elected Representatives Steny Hoyer (D-MD) as Majority Leader, James Clyburn (D-SC) as Majority Whip, Ben Ray Luján (D-NM) as Assistant Leader, and Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY) as Caucus Chair. Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) won the caucus nomination for Speaker of the House by a vote of 203-32. The Speaker will be elected by the full House of Representatives on January 3, 2019. To be elected Speaker, one must receive a majority vote, which is 218 if all members vote.
On November 14, Senate Republicans and Democrats, and House Republicans held their leadership elections for the 116th Congress, which will begin in January 2019. Senate Republicans re-elected Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY) as Majority Leader and elected Senators John Thune (R-SD) and John Barasso (R-WY) as Majority Whip and Conference Chairman, respectively. Senate Democrats re-elected Senators Chuck Schumer (D-NY) as Minority Leader, Duck Durbin (D-IL) as Minority Whip, and Patty Murray (D-WA) as Assistant Minority Leader. The House Republican Conference elected Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) as Minority Leader, Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA) as Minority Whip, and Rep. Liz Cheney (R-WY) as Conference Chairwoman. House Democrats will hold leadership elections in December.
In the November 6 general mid-term elections, Democrats won at least 232 seats in the House of Representatives, securing a majority. Republicans won at least 198 seats and six races have not yet been called. Republicans will remain in the majority in the Senate with at least 52 seats, while Democrats will have at least 47. The Mississippi Senate result will be determined in a November 27 runoff election.
Last week, the House of Representatives adopted its rules of procedure for the 114th Congress (H. Res. 5). Included in the measure was an unprecedented Social Security-related provision that will affect the ability of Congress to prevent a 20% cut in Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits in 2016. The provision, inserted by Representative Sam Johnson (R-TX) and Tom Reed (R-NY) and approved by a vote of 234 to 168, sets up procedural hurdles to House consideration of a needed, routine replenishment of Social Security’s disability fund. Shockingly, these major changes were never considered in hearings or open to input from constituents. While these rules only affect the House – not the Senate – The Arc is deeply concerned that this new provision sets a troubling tone for how the 114th Congress may deal with Social Security and SSDI. Visit The Arc’s blog to learn more about the House rules provision.
In a video tribute, The Arc honors retiring Congressional champions Senator Tom Harkin (IA), Senator Jay Rockefeller (WV), Senator Carl Levin (MI), Representative Henry Waxman (CA), Representative George Miller (CA), and Representative John D. Dingell (MI). These long-serving Members of Congress were integral to the passage and strengthening of many landmark bills for people with disabilities including the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Affordable Care Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act, and the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act. Additionally, these champions have been leaders in the preservation and expansion of essential supports and services under Medicaid, early intervention, Social Security, and in many other areas. Join The Arc on Twitter and Facebook as we thank these retiring champions at the close of the 113th Congress.
House Appropriations Committee Chair Harold Rogers (R-KY) has announced Chairs for the Committee’s 12 Subcommittees. Among the changes, Tom Cole (R-OK) will replace Jack Kingston (R-GA) as Chair of the Labor-Health and Human Services-Education Subcommittee, Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL) will replace Tom Latham (R-IA) as Chair of the Transportation-Housing and Urban Development (T-HUD) Subcommittee, and John Culberson (R-TX) will replace Tom Wolf (R-VA) as Chair of the Commerce-Justice-Science Subcommittee. Chairman Rogers also welcomed new members to the Committee: David Jolly (R-FL), Scott Rigell (R-VA), Evan Jenkins (R-WV), and David Young (R-IA).
House Energy and Commerce Committee Chair Fred Upton (R-MI) has also announced chairs for the Committee’s 6 Subcommittees. Joe Pitts (R-PA) will continue to Chair the Health Subcommittee, which has jurisdiction over Medicaid, with Brett Guthrie (R-KY) replacing Michael C. Burgess (R-TX) as Vice Chair. Tim Murphy (R-PA) will chair Oversight and Investigations, with David McKinley (R-WV) replacing Michael C. Burgess (R-TX) as Vice Chair.
Congress returns this week to begin its post-election session of Congress (called the lame duck session). Issues that are expected to take priority are spending bills to fund the government after the current continuing resolution expires on December 11, including additional funding to address Ebola outbreak, and measures to combat the Islamic group ISL, and confirmation of the next Attorney General. Given the impending shift in Senate control, some members of Congress are urging that the session be limited to keeping government functioning and other must-pass legislation. Other lawmakers and some outside interests are pushing to get more things done, including renewal of dozens of already-expired tax breaks. Disability advocates meanwhile are working to have Congress pass the ABLE Act and for the Senate to ratify the U.N Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) during the lame duck session.
Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) announced last week that he will not seek re-election in 2014, after more than 40 years in Congress. Senator Harkin has been a longtime friend to The Arc and the disability community as a whole.
Harkin currently serves as Chair of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee and as Chair of the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Appropriations Subcommittee. Through these dual roles he has had great influence on the critical health, education, employment and disability programs that support people with disabilities. He played a key role in the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990 and has been a tireless advocate for its implementation.
The Arc deeply appreciates Senator Harkin’s strong leadership and advocacy on disability and health issues.
The 113th Congress (2013-2014) convened on Thursday with eighty-two freshmen lawmakers in the House and twelve in the Senate. Despite modest gains by Democrats, party breakdown will remain mostly unchanged. Democrats will still control the Senate, 55 to 45, and Republicans will still have a majority in the House of Representatives, 233 to 200 (with two vacancies for seats which were held by Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-IL) and Tim Scott (R-SC)). The new Congress is more diverse, with women now comprising 20 percent of the Senate and nearly 18 percent of the House.
The House of Representatives re-elected Rep. John Boehner (R-OH) as Speaker of the House. Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) returns as House Minority Leader. The Senate leadership remains unchanged, with Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) as Majority Leader and Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY) as Minority Leader. A number of important new Senate Committee chairs were also announced. Of particular interest to the disability community are Senator Patty Murray (D-WA), Chair of the Budget Committee, and Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Chair of the Appropriations Committee. Other assignments to committees that are important to the disability community will be finalized in the near future.
To see the list of new members of Congress, see:
To see the list of members who have not returned from the last Congress, see:
This week, the House and Senate will both be in session. Private negotiations between the House and Senate leadership and President Obama began two weeks ago on how to deal with the expiring tax cuts and pending across-the-board automatic spending cuts and other policies commonly called the “fiscal cliff”. The fiscal cliff issue is expected to dominate the lame duck session of Congress. The target date for adjournment is December 14th, though many expect that Congress may stay in session even longer to try and reach agreement on these difficult issues.