The Trump Administration released its Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Budget Request on Feb. 12. This document outlines the Administration’s spending and revenue priorities for the next decade. Among the many proposed cuts of concern to the disability community are:
- Medicaid would be drastically cut through per capita caps and block grants. In addition, the President’s Budget assumes repeal of critical provisions such as the requirements for adequate benefits and affordable health plans that protect people with pre-existing conditions.
- Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) would be cut by roughly $70 billion.
- Developmental Disabilities (DD) Act Programs would see double digit cuts – State Councils on Developmental Disabilities (-23%), University Centers for Excellence in Disabilities (-13%), and Projects of National Significance (-90%).
- Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) would lose $213 billion, a reduction of 30%.
- Housing programs would lose $6.8 billion, including major cuts in housing choice vouchers, public housing, and other vital programs for people with disabilities.
Though the President’s Budget Request does not have the force of law, it can set the stage for the Congressional budgets which follow. The Senate has indicated that it will not consider a FY 2019 budget due to the recent budget deal to raise spending caps for defense and non-defense discretionary programs, however it is unclear if the House intends to do so. Click here to see proposed spending levels for discretionary programs in the President’s FY 2019 Budget Request. Click here to read The Arc’s statement.
On February 9, the House and Senate passed a 6-week spending bill that ended an hours-long government shutdown and President Trump Signed it shortly afterward. This continuing resolution (CR) that runs through March 23 was paired with a two-year budget deal that will raise spending caps on defense and non-defense discretionary (NDD) program categories for 2018 and 2019 by $290 billion. In addition, the budget deal specifically provides:
- an additional four-year extension of the funding for the Children’s Health Insurance program
- a permanent fix for the Medicare therapy caps exceptions process
- a two-year extension of the Family to Family Health Information Centers
- a repeal of the Medicare panel created in the Affordable Care Act to implement Medicare cuts
- a two-year extension of funding for Community Health Centers
- a five-year extension funding for the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting program
- $6 billion for opioid and mental health treatment services, prevention programs, and law enforcement efforts
- $4 billion for college affordability, including programs that help police officers, teachers, and firefighters
- $5.8 billion for the Child Care and Development Block Grant
- $20 billion for infrastructure (including funding for safe drinking water)
- a $2 billion increase for the National Institutes of Health
- $4 billion for hospitals and clinics for veterans, and
- $182 million for the Census Bureau for 2020 Census preparations.
The budget deal also includes a number of other important provisions, including suspending the debt ceiling through March 1 of 2019, providing for disaster relief funding, extending expiring tax cuts, and providing a new prevention focus for child welfare services. It is estimated that only $100 billion of the $419 billion spending increases will be paid for with offsetting cuts. This raises concerns that the resulting increased deficits will create more pressure to cut mandatory programs (including Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid), particularly if Congress decides to extend the sequestration relief for discretionary programs and other provisions after 2019.
With the budget totals set, Congress now has until March 23 to come to agreement on item-by-item spending details, through an “omnibus” spending package that would combine the 12 appropriations bills covering all government agencies for the remainder of FY 2018.
The Trump Administration just released its Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Budget Request. This document serves to outline the Administration’s spending and revenue priorities for the next decade. Advocates are concerned that it will be similar to the President’s FY 2018 Budget, which called for historic cuts to both mandatory and discretionary programs that are critical for people with disabilities (see disability coalition statement on the 2018 Budget for reference). Though the President’s Budget is non-binding, it can set the stage for the Congressional Budgets which follow. The Arc will provide a summary of the President’s Budget in next week’s issue of the Capitol Insider.
The short-term funding bill enacted last month that ended the three-day partial government shutdown expires on Thursday, February 8. Little is known about any progress in meeting the terms of the agreement reached between Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) that ended the shutdown and extended funding through February 8. It is expected that the House will vote shortly on a measure to keep the government funded through March 22, in hopes of giving lawmakers more time to move forward with an immigration bill to protect recipients of the expiring Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. A Senate vote would have to follow to reach the President’s desk before the funding deadline on Feb. 8.
The Senate voted late today to reopen the government, ending a three-day standoff that left hundreds of thousands of federal workers furloughed. The measure will keep the government funded through February 8. An agreement was reached after Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) promised to allow an immigration bill to reach the floor next month. This deal falls short of the Democrats’ initial demand on the basics of a deal to replace the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and protect “Dreamers” facing deportation. Fortunately, the bill also includes a six-year funding extension for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). As many as 20 states would have run out of CHIP money by February 1 if Congress failed to reach a deal. The bill must now be approved by the House of Representatives and signed by the President before becoming law.
Congress has until Friday, January 19 to reach an agreement on funding most of the federal government. There are four key issues that Congress is grappling with in its negotiations on a spending bill – protections for persons covered by the Deferred Action for Early Arrivals (DACA) program, extension of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), increases for the caps for defense and non-defense discretionary programs established by the Budget Control Act of 2011, and additional disaster relief funding. If agreement is not reached Congress may pass another temporary extension of funding or face a shutdown of the federal government.
On December 22, 2017 President Trump signed another stop gap funding bill into law that Congress passed the day before, barely averting a government shutdown. The current spending measure runs through January 19, 2018 and includes a waiver of the “Pay-as-you-go” budget rule. The “Pay-Go” rule would have required $136 billion in annual cuts to several mandatory programs (including $25 billion from Medicare alone) due to the new tax law’s additional $1.5 trillion in deficits over 10 years.
The House and Senate passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) on December 20, 2017 by votes of 224 to 201 and 51 to 48, respectively. President Trump signed the measure into law two days later. Though the final version of the legislation removed some of the objectionable provisions from prior versions, such as repeal of the medical expense deduction, the work opportunity tax credits, and the disabled access credit, The Arc strongly opposes this legislation. The TCJA repeals the individual mandate to have health insurance, leading to 13 million fewer people with coverage over 10 years, and increases the deficit by nearly $1.5 trillion over a decade, adding pressure to cut Medicaid and other critical programs while providing tax cuts that disproportionately benefit the most affluent and large corporations. See a summary of what is in the law from Politifact.
On December 13, House Republicans released a funding bill which would fund the government through Jan. 19, 2018. This continuing resolution (CR) includes large defense funding increases and leaves out the two Affordable Care Act market stabilization proposals (Alexander-Murray and Collins-Nelson) that Maine Senator Susan Collins had negotiated in exchange for her vote on the tax bill. While the bill does include a full five-year re-authorization of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and a two-year re-authorization for Community Health Centers, it proposes harmful offsets to Medicare and Medicaid to fund those provisions. The bill is not expected to garner the 60 votes needed to pass the Senate. The current CR expires on Dec. 22, setting the stage for a possible government shutdown if Congress fails to reach agreement on a funding bill.
Action on the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act has slowed this week with the announcement that the House would not be voting on a revised tax bill this week as had originally been planned. Instead, a House-Senate conference meeting is scheduled for Wednesday, December 13. It is expected to be a relatively brief meeting allowing the Conference Committee Members to make short statements while the actual negotiations continue in private. According to press reports, the major areas of disagreement are: the alternative minimum tax, pass-through business income, the corporate tax rate, the child tax credit, deductions for state and local taxes (referred to as SALT deductions), and individual tax brackets. The Conference Committee must also resolve the differences in the major provisions that are problematic for people with disabilities.
Advocates have more time to reach out to Members of Congress to oppose this harmful legislation. The Arc’s network is urged to participate in today’s National Call Day on the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that The Arc is cosponsoring and to continue advocating throughout the week. See action alert above.