The Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee unanimously passed a reauthorization bill for the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) on April 16. The bill, the Every Child Achieves Act (ECAA) of 2015, was introduced by the Committee Chairman and Ranking Members, Senators Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Patty Murray (D-WA), to overhaul the last ESEA reauthorization (also known as No Child Left Behind). During the markup, the Committee considered 57 amendments and approved 29 of them.
The ECAA reduces the federal role in school accountability, but allows the Department of Education to put some conditions on the states. It would prohibit the Education Department from endorsing or prescribing curriculum, including the Common Core State Standards. The ECAA also would allow, but not require, states to use teacher evaluation systems. The Arc is pleased that the ECAA voted out of committee includes a number of provisions that will benefit students with disabilities, including:
- Allowing only up to 1% of all students – those who have the most significant cognitive disabilities – to take an Alternate Assessment based on Alternate Achievement Standards (AA-AAS).
- Ensuring that students in every state who take the AA-AAS are not precluded from attempting to complete the requirements for a regular diploma;
- Maintaining annual assessments of all students in grades 3-8 and once in high school for reading and math;
- Including all students with disabilities in state and district-level assessments;
- Strengthening parental involvement in the decision about whether their child will take an alternate assessment;
- Providing support to states and school districts to ensure that teachers have the skills and knowledge necessary to instruct diverse learners;
- Including the “parent right to know” provision, requiring that parents be informed that they may request information regarding qualifications of the student’s classroom teacher; and
- Asking school districts to describe their plans for limiting the use of restraint and seclusion.
The approved bill will now go to the Senate floor for additional debate and amendments before a vote by the full Senate.