Rescissions are a process that the President may use to ask Congress to cut already appropriated spending. When the Administration makes the request Congress has 45 days to act. A simple majority of votes is needed in both the House and Senate to pass a rescissions bill. The House has passed a bill (H.R. 3) and the Senate must act by Friday June 22. H.R. 3 contains $15.3 billion worth of rescissions. The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is targeted for nearly half of these rescissions, with nearly $7 billion in reductions. Earlier this year Congress, with strong bipartisan support, had extended the CHIP funding for 10 years. The decision to rescind funding from CHIP could destabilize the program and creates uncertainty if a state must respond to issues such as natural disaster, large layoffs due to plant closures, or an overall economic slowdown.
On June 15, a House Appropriations subcommittee approved the largest of the 12 annual nondefense discretionary (NDD) spending bills, the one that funds the Departments of Health and Human Services, Education, and Labor, and related agencies (L-HHS-ED). The $177.1 billion measure for fiscal year (FY) 2019 does not include an increase over FY 2018 (unlike other NDD funding bills), setting up a contentious situation where select program increases come at the expense of other programs. In addition, disagreements over cuts to certain programs and politically divisive policy additions to the bill could derail the measure when it goes to the full House Appropriations Committee on Wednesday. The Committee report with detailed line item funding amounts should be posted tomorrow.
On May 23, the House Appropriations Committee adopted allocations for its 12 subcommittees for fiscal year (FY) 2019 that starts on October 1. The Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies (L-HHS-ED) subcommittee – which funds the majority of disability related programs – received no increase from FY 2018. The following day, the Senate Appropriations Committee adopted allocations for its subcommittees. The L-HHS-ED bill will get a $2.2 billion (1.2%) increase. The difference in allocations for the 12 subcommittees between the House and Senate make it more challenging for Congress to negotiate a final spending package though the regular process and increases the chances of using a continuing resolution to keep the government funded.
As a result of the retirement of Appropriations Committee Chairman Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS), there have been adjustments in committee membership and leadership. Sen. Richard Shelby (R-AL) is the new Chairman. Newly-appointed Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-MS) will serve the remainder of Sen. Cochran’s term as a member of the full Committee and the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies.
On April 12, the House failed to get the two-thirds vote needed to pass legislation (H.J. Res. 2) proposing a constitutional balanced budget amendment (BBA). The vote was 233-184. Despite not passing in the House, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) reportedly wants to take up a balanced budget amendment in the Senate. See The Arc’s blog post on the Congressional BBA legislation here.
There is also concern about BBA efforts at the state level. Twenty-eight states have active BBA resolutions, only 6 short of the 34 needed to call a Constitutional Convention to pass a BBA. Supporters of a Constitutional Convention to pass a BBA plan to target Maine, Virginia, Kentucky, Minnesota, Montana, Idaho, and Washington state.
On March 22, the House passed a $1.3 trillion spending bill that covers the remainder of Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 that ends on September 30. The following day it was passed by the Senate and signed by the President. A number of disability-related programs saw significant increases, including the Developmental Disabilities Act’s Projects of National Significance (20%), the Lifespan Respite Care Act program (22%), the National Family Caregiver Support Program (20%), and State Grants to Remove Barriers to Voting (40%). Housing programs saw the largest gains with $402 million in new Section 811 mainstream vouchers in addition to $107 million for renewals, and $82.6 million for new Section 811 Project Rental Assistance. Most programs, however, saw modest increases, ranging from 2% to 5%, or level funding. Only one program was cut – the Supported Employment State Grant program sustained a cut of 18%.
Additionally, the bill included two policy provisions that The Arc supports. The first is Kevin and Avonte’s Law (S. 2070), which includes grants to law enforcement agencies and other entities for education, training, and technology to help prevent and reduce the harm from wandering by children with Autism and other developmental disabilities. The second is a requirement that the Government Accountability Office conduct a study on the use of restraint and seclusion in schools to improve reporting and the use of alternatives to these practices.
For a list of The Arc’s funding priorities and amounts appropriated, click here. The Arc is continuing to review the full bill.
With only four days left until the current continuing resolution expires at midnight on March 23, Congress is working to finalize the spending package to cover the remainder of Fiscal Year 2018 to avoid a partial government shutdown. House Republican leaders are expected to present the details of the $1.3 trillion omnibus spending bill to their members in a closed-door meeting this evening. The full text of the bill will likely be released afterward. It’s not yet clear when the measure will be voted on. At issue have been several controversial policy riders and how to allocate the additional funding provided by the budget deal enacted last month.
The Trump Administration released its Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Budget Request on Feb. 12. This document outlines the Administration’s spending and revenue priorities for the next decade. Among the many proposed cuts of concern to the disability community are:
- Medicaid would be drastically cut through per capita caps and block grants. In addition, the President’s Budget assumes repeal of critical provisions such as the requirements for adequate benefits and affordable health plans that protect people with pre-existing conditions.
- Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) would be cut by roughly $70 billion.
- Developmental Disabilities (DD) Act Programs would see double digit cuts – State Councils on Developmental Disabilities (-23%), University Centers for Excellence in Disabilities (-13%), and Projects of National Significance (-90%).
- Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) would lose $213 billion, a reduction of 30%.
- Housing programs would lose $6.8 billion, including major cuts in housing choice vouchers, public housing, and other vital programs for people with disabilities.
Though the President’s Budget Request does not have the force of law, it can set the stage for the Congressional budgets which follow. The Senate has indicated that it will not consider a FY 2019 budget due to the recent budget deal to raise spending caps for defense and non-defense discretionary programs, however it is unclear if the House intends to do so. Click here to see proposed spending levels for discretionary programs in the President’s FY 2019 Budget Request. Click here to read The Arc’s statement.
On February 9, the House and Senate passed a 6-week spending bill that ended an hours-long government shutdown and President Trump Signed it shortly afterward. This continuing resolution (CR) that runs through March 23 was paired with a two-year budget deal that will raise spending caps on defense and non-defense discretionary (NDD) program categories for 2018 and 2019 by $290 billion. In addition, the budget deal specifically provides:
- an additional four-year extension of the funding for the Children’s Health Insurance program
- a permanent fix for the Medicare therapy caps exceptions process
- a two-year extension of the Family to Family Health Information Centers
- a repeal of the Medicare panel created in the Affordable Care Act to implement Medicare cuts
- a two-year extension of funding for Community Health Centers
- a five-year extension funding for the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting program
- $6 billion for opioid and mental health treatment services, prevention programs, and law enforcement efforts
- $4 billion for college affordability, including programs that help police officers, teachers, and firefighters
- $5.8 billion for the Child Care and Development Block Grant
- $20 billion for infrastructure (including funding for safe drinking water)
- a $2 billion increase for the National Institutes of Health
- $4 billion for hospitals and clinics for veterans, and
- $182 million for the Census Bureau for 2020 Census preparations.
The budget deal also includes a number of other important provisions, including suspending the debt ceiling through March 1 of 2019, providing for disaster relief funding, extending expiring tax cuts, and providing a new prevention focus for child welfare services. It is estimated that only $100 billion of the $419 billion spending increases will be paid for with offsetting cuts. This raises concerns that the resulting increased deficits will create more pressure to cut mandatory programs (including Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid), particularly if Congress decides to extend the sequestration relief for discretionary programs and other provisions after 2019.
With the budget totals set, Congress now has until March 23 to come to agreement on item-by-item spending details, through an “omnibus” spending package that would combine the 12 appropriations bills covering all government agencies for the remainder of FY 2018.
The Trump Administration just released its Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Budget Request. This document serves to outline the Administration’s spending and revenue priorities for the next decade. Advocates are concerned that it will be similar to the President’s FY 2018 Budget, which called for historic cuts to both mandatory and discretionary programs that are critical for people with disabilities (see disability coalition statement on the 2018 Budget for reference). Though the President’s Budget is non-binding, it can set the stage for the Congressional Budgets which follow. The Arc will provide a summary of the President’s Budget in next week’s issue of the Capitol Insider.